Avian Influenza Project Completed

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Projects Carried Out - What is Avian Influenza?




Avian Influenza is a disease of poultry (chickens, turkeys, ducks, etc.) which is caused by viruses transmitted from animals to humans. Avian Influenza can be transmitted from poultry to humans through unprotected contact with infected or dead poultry. The disease can be transmitted from the Environment to humans through:


  - Contact with tears, nasal and post-nasal drainage or feces of infected animals,


  - Contact with surfaces and objects contaminated with infected secretions and feces,


  - Inhalation of infected dusts.


Although there are no proven cases of human-to-human transmission of Avian Influenza; it could mutate into a virus that can be transmitted from human to human.



Symptoms of Avian Influenza


It is highly important to understand the difference between seasonal flu and Avian Influenza since the symptoms are very similar but the results are disparate. In Avian Influenza cases; pneumonia and respiratory failure may occur and other organs may be affected due to lower respiratory tract and pulmonary involvement. After the virus is transmitted, the incubation period in humans is 3 to 10 days. At the end of this period; fever, cough, sore throat, muscle ache and shortness of breath, which are the symptoms of conventional flu, as well as stomachache and diarrhea are seen.


In cases of such symptoms, patients should immediately refer to a healthcare facility. The earlier the disease is diagnosed, the more likely it can be treated.



Treatment of Avian Influenza in Humans



Some of the drugs that are effective in the early stages of the disease and administered under the control of a physician are used to treat Avian Influenza. In addition, other alleviating and supporting treatments are administered in healthcare facilities. Some drugs are reported to affect the early stages of the disease. It is therefore crucial to refer to a healthcare facility as soon as possible after the symptoms develop in suspicious circumstances.



Avian Influenza Vaccine


There is no effective vaccine used in humans for Avian Influenza yet. Modifications in the genetic structure of the virus pose a challenge for vaccine trials. Scientific studies concerning this subject are ongoing.


Influenza vaccines developed for humans ensure that they become immune to Influenza viruses that cause infection in humans. However, they do not protect against Avian Influenza and other subtypes of the virus which cause flu in humans.




Number of Avian Influenza Cases in Humans:


(Verified by the World Health Organization)




            VAN:  1


            ŞANLIURFA: 1


            ESKİŞEHİR:  1




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Projects Carried Out - Posters and Brochures



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Projects Carried Out - Avian Influenza Project


"Avian Influenza and Human Pandemic Preparedness Response Project" was prepared under the coordination of the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs to minimize the threat HPAI (avian influenza) infection and other zoonoses posed to humans and to prepare for, control and respond to influenza pandemics and other infectious disease emergencies in humans.